Dagaz (thaw-gauze) is the eighth rune of the third aett, and the twenty-fourth rune overall. It represents drastic, cataclysmic change.

Dagaz connects to the summer solstice and represents wildfire.

In the Asatru tradition, Othila is often considered to come last, because the two humans that survive Ragnarok inherit the land. In the Valkyrie tradition, this is the last rune.


Othila (oath-awe-law) is the seventh rune of the third aett, and the twenty-third rune overall. It represents inherited land, or inheritance. There is a sense of birthright, community, kinship, what you are entitled to, and nobility.

Othila is the gift of Ing – a combination of Ingwaz with Gebo, but the inherited gift is generall a material sense, rather than the DNA relationship of Ingwaz.

Othila reminds you to choose your partner wisely. Consider loyalty to your clansmen and tribe.

In the Asatru tradition, this rune is often considered to come last, because the two humans that survive Ragnarok inherit the land. In the Valkyrie tradition, Dagaz is last.


Ingwaz (eeng-woz)  is the sixth rune of the third aett, and the twenty-second rune overall. It represents progeny, or the “son of.”

Ingwaz is related to Frey and Freya. It represents a large phallus, or vaginal tract, and is also related to the double-helix of DNA, which deepens its connection to inheritance and the connections between generations. When we are reborn, it is to the same tribe.

Ingwaz is connected to the portal to Vanalheim. It is great for astral projection: draw the rune, stare at it, and imagine it like a mirror.

Ingwaz is connected to Kenaz and Jera. In this sense, it represents totality, completion, and fulfilment. Jera relates to Yule, Kenaz to seeding, and Ingwaz to harvest.


Laguz (law-gooze) is the fifth rune of the third aett, and the twenty-first rune overall. Here, the feminine mysteries turn inwards.

Nerthus was an old goddess who lived on a lake. A sorceress, on a pitch black lake. In the lake, one could scry about love. If you pass the lake to her island, she would bear very fertile gifts.

Laguz is associated with sex magic, as well as the tides. It can represent tides going out or coming in, depending on if it is upright or inverted. It also represents reciprocal affection.


Mannaz (maw-nawz) is the fourth rune of the third aett, and the twentieth rune overall. It represents the evolution of mankind, or of individuals. There a sense of conscious movement, and this is sometimes called the “spiritual relationship rune.”

Mannaz reminds us of cooperation between two people, or a collaboration for the greater good. It resembles a double Wunjo, creating perfection and harmony. We are co-creators in our divinity.

In some tales, there was a god named Mannaz, who slept between three couples. Each bore his son, and each son represented a different state of consciousness.

Mannaz represents progeny, class systems, and branches of conscious thought.


Ehwaz (aye-woz) is the third rune of the third aett, and the nineteenth rune overall. The word literally means “horse,” and it represents the domestication of animals, specifically horses.

This is the relationship rune, and it represents a partnership. It asks how we adapt to a situation. What is your vehicle, what is supporting you?

Ehwaz resembles two Laguz runes facing each other.


Berkana (bear-khan-nah) is the second rune of the third aett, and the eighteenth overall. This is a very feminine rune, and it looks like breasts or the breasts resting on a pregnant stomach. Berkana means birch.

In divination, this can represent something coming. It looks like Perthro with the doors closed. There are elements of birth, spring time, and nurturing plants or animals. It is useful for feminine magic, as well as fertility rites.


Teiwaz (tee-woz) is the first rune of the third aett, and the seventeenth overall. Teiwaz is the oldest name of Tyr. The rune is shaped like a spear, or the trunk of the Yggdrasil.

Teiwaz is associated with Mars, a similar god. Unlike Mars, Tyr is always seeking for justice. His battles are righteous.

Teiwaz encourages us to stand up for ourselves, and for justice. It represents courage, honour, integrity, and honesty. Vikings carved this rune on the back of their shields to honour their cause in battle.

Teiwaz works well with Raido as a bind rune, especially for legal issues.