Berkana (bear-khan-nah) is the second rune of the third aett, and the eighteenth overall. This is a very feminine rune, and it looks like breasts or the breasts resting on a pregnant stomach. Berkana means birch.

In divination, this can represent something coming. It looks like Perthro with the doors closed. There are elements of birth, spring time, and nurturing plants or animals. It is useful for feminine magic, as well as fertility rites.


Teiwaz (tee-woz) is the first rune of the third aett, and the seventeenth overall. Teiwaz is the oldest name of Tyr. The rune is shaped like a spear, or the trunk of the Yggdrasil.

Teiwaz is associated with Mars, a similar god. Unlike Mars, Tyr is always seeking for justice. His battles are righteous.

Teiwaz encourages us to stand up for ourselves, and for justice. It represents courage, honour, integrity, and honesty. Vikings carved this rune on the back of their shields to honour their cause in battle.

Teiwaz works well with Raido as a bind rune, especially for legal issues.


Algiz (ahl-geez) is the seventh rune of the second aett, and the fifteenth overall. It resembles the foot of a crow, Odin’s familiar. It can signal you to stop, like the palm of an upturned hand.

Upright, it resembles female genitals, and inverse it resembles male genitals.

Algiz is the Valkyrie rune, favored by witches and shield maidens. In some stories, Valkyries can shapeshift into crows or swans.


Perthro (perth-row) is the sixth rune of the second aett, and the fourteenth overall. It represents a deep well of black water, the essence of the void. It can resemble a womb, or a woman crouching in the birthing position.

It embodies the power of the Norns, and is associated with secrecy and silence. It is the Well of Urd and the Well of Mimir.

In divination, it can represent something that is coming, waiting to be birthed by the goddess. It can also mean that you are not meant to know the answer at this time.

It is related to Berkana, and it looks as if those doors are swung open.

Personal Insights

When I meditated on this rune, there was absolute darkness. I traveled down into it and in the distance, I could eventually make out a doorway. There were torches on either side, and the doors opened… but I couldn’t see what was inside.

To me, this rune also appears like an Isa with two Kenaz at the ends … and two Kenaz make Jera. The shape of Laguz is also apparent, and underscores my viewing of it as something peering into the water if Perthro is related to a well.


Eihwaz (aye-woz) is the fifth rune of the second aett, and the thirteenth rune overall. It falls roughly in the middle of the futhark. It represents the backbone, and the trunk of Yggdrasil. It implies a desire to evolve deeper.

The spine has twenty-four vertebrae, and the elder futhark has twenty-four runes.

It can tell us that if we feel any fear, we should do it anyway! It is the driving force of evolution. it is related to yew, the wood used in bow making, and the same message of drawing back and firing forward is related here.

It resembles two Laguz runes, back to back and inverted like the court members on playing cards.

Personal Insights

During meditation on this rune, I felt as if I were a seed. There was a sense of expansion, and what I would describe as growth under tension. The bottom pushes into the earth, but hooks in to lock and hold. The branches grow towards the sky, but are drawn back down towards the earth.

Of course, this rune is commonly associated with the trunk of Yggdrasil, and I felt that one could travel up and down this trunk to the different worlds through Eihwaz.

To me, Laguz resembles someone peering down into the water to view their reflection, and as its shape is echoed in Eihwaz, I felt as if this rune could be used to look deep within, from different angles.

The ends also remind me of Kenaz and Jera. Lights of knowledge, torches to guide the journey.


Jera (yay-rah) is the fourth rune of the second aett, and the twelfth overall. It represents celestial bodies circling, and the passage of time. It resembles two Kenaz circling one another. It is associated with Midgard, and directly relates to the winter solstice.

This rune is generally associated with a beneficial change. Something ends, and a new and promising cycle begins. In divination, it can represent time constraints. It reminds us that nothing stays still, and life’s only consistency is change. It is the rune of ritual, movement and ceremonies that repeat.

It is related to Kenaz and Ingwaz. On a wheel, it is directly across from Dagaz, the rune of cataclysmic change, which is associated with Midsummer.

Personal Insights

When I meditated upon this rune, I saw cold and stillness. Then a soft glow came into focus and I realised that even in the cold of winter, there is still motion. The atoms swirl, the planets dance. On every scale, time marches on.

Jera looks like two Kenaz swirling around each other, and that came through so strongly here. I could see energy swirling around like lights.

I also had the feeling that whereas Eihwaz represents motion up and down the trunk of Yggdrasil, Jera represents an outward motion, on a separate plane.


Isa (ee-saw) is the third rune of the second aett, and the eleventh rune overall. It is associated with Verdandi, the Norn of the present. It looks like an icicle, and represents old, patient, waiting ice, like a glacier. There is no movement, things can be stuck. It can represent waiting, as for ice to thaw.

It carries some selfishness and materialism, and relates to the identity and ego.


Nauthiz (now-theez) is the second rune of the second aett, and the tenth rune overall. It means “necessity” or “need for fire,” and it looks like two sticks you’d rub together to spark a flame. As such, it also represents friction and conflict, and also needing something. It can represent distress or binding, while you wait for what you need to come along. It is associated with Skuld, the Norn of the future.

It also implies that you have some hard work to do. You need to trade some short term pain for long term gain. There’s a self-reliance here, and nauthiz may tell you that you need to come up with a creative solution to deal with your problem.


Hagalaz (hawg-ah-lahz) is the first rune of the second aett, or the ninth rune overall. It is associated with Urdr, the Norn of the past, and represents transformation, evolution, and change. It is also associated with destructive weather, including fog and hail.

It can encourage you to do shadow work through your past traumas and issues, looking inward on a shamanic journey. It is a feminine rune, and is also associated with Hel.


Kenaz (kay-naz) is the sixth rune of the first aett. It means “to know,” and it represents controlled fire, and the illumination of the sun and moon. It is associated with knowledge and learning.

It can tell us to light and pass a torch of knowledge.